- The trafficking of wild species moves between 8,000 and 20,000 million euros, similar to arms trafficking and drug level.
- Brussels notes that in recent years have seen a dramatic spike in traffic from these
- the plan presented by the European Commission includes 32 measures to be carried out from now until 2020.
the European Commission (EC) warned on Friday that the trafficking of wild species, including animals, marine life and even wood, serves to finance part of the activities of some terrorists, particularly in Africa groups, and proposed a comprehensive plan of action to combat it.
the initiative, adopted on Friday and is expected to Member States to approve in the coming weeks also it aims to strengthen the role of the EU in the global fight against these crimes , said in a press conference European Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Karmenu Vella.
According to Vella, the organized crime groups engaged in this trade move every year between 8,000 and 20,000 million euros, similar to drug trafficking or weapons level.
Aside from being a threat to the survival of the species, this traffic fuels corruption , deprives poor communities of essential income and even cause human casualties, said the commissioner.
partial financing of terrorist activities
According to the EC, this type of traffic “endangers the security of Central Africa, where the militias and terrorists groups partially finance their activities thanks to wildlife trafficking. “
the European Union is a region particularly traffic of wild species , wood or ivory, particularly between Africa and Asia, although it is also the destination of the traffic.
the commissioner explained that wild animals most reach the European market are reptiles , especially snakes, chameleons and iguanas.
the plan EC includes 32 measures to be carried out 2020 and focuses on three priorities, starting with preventing trafficking and reduce supply and demand for wildlife products of illegal origin.
to this end, includes, for example, that the Commission draw up by the end of 2016 guidelines intended to suspend export from the EU objects of old ivory.
Provides for strengthen the implementation of existing standards and better combat organized crime, strengthening cooperation with organizations such as Europol and promote collaboration among countries of origin, transit and destination.
rebound of wildlife trafficking
Brussels says that in recent years there has been a dramatic rebound wildlife trafficking .
in 2014, according to data from the EC, killed more than 20,000 elephants and 1,200 rhinos, species whose populations are now back in process of decline .
in a century, because of this type of traffic, the world’s tiger population fell from 100,000 to less than 3,500.
the plan of action today is part of a larger, the plan called action to strengthen the fight against the financing of terrorism.
the EC recalled that the Twenty-eight are the largest donor worldwide , with support for conservation in Africa amounted to 700 million euros for the period 2014-2020.
the EU Directives for nature protection prohibit the sale and transport of a number of wild species.
the traffic of these species are also fights with other legislation on the environmental protection by criminal law, which requires Member States consider it an offense.